OIV: WORLD WINE PRODUCTION UP 17% IN 2018, CHINA DOWN 22%
By David Ma
Global wine production increased 17% in 2018 reaching 292 million hectolitre (mhl), the highest level since 2000. China’s production, however, declined by 22% despite a continuing expansion in vineyard areas, according to the latest report released by the International Organisation of Vine and Wine (OIV).
Italy confirmed its position as the world’s leading wine producer at 54.8 mhl, followed by France at 48.6 mhl and Spain at 44.4 mhl.
Despite that China has added 10,000 hectares of vineyard areas between 2017 and 2018, the country’s wine production was down 22% last year at 9.1 mhl.
The year 2017 was marked by very difficult weather conditions that had affected production in many countries, but 2018 has seen substantial improvement.
The level of production in the USA remained high at 23.9 mhl, so was Argentina at 14.5 mhl and Chile at 12.9 mhl. South Africa suffered an unfavourable drought with production at 9.5 mhl.
The OIV report also showed a stabilisation of global consumption in 2018, at around 246 mhl, thanks to fast growths in Asia and a recovery in traditional European markets.
With consumption at 33 mhl, the USA confirmed its position as the world’s biggest consuming country, followed by France at 26.8 mhl, Italy at 22.4 mhl and Germany at 20mhl.
China’s wine consumption slowed last year after three consecutive years of fast growths. Total consumption remained unchanged at 17.9mhl, putting it in 5th place on the consumption league table.
Spain(21.1mhl), Italy (19.7 mhl) and France (14.1 mhl) continued to be the main exporters of wine, accounting for more than 50% of the world volume in 2018.
Germany (14.7 mhl), the United Kingdom (13.2 mhl), the USA (11.5 mhl), France (7.1 mhl) and China (6.9 mhl) are the top five importing countries, continue to account for more than half of global imports volume in 2018.
The Paris-based OIV is an intergovernmental organization of a scientific and technical nature with 47 member states.
(the writer can be contacted at: DavidMa@thewinechronicle.com)
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